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Project Information

Title: Pre-Spill and Post-Spill Concentrations of Hydrocarbons in Sediments and Mussels at Intertidal Sites in PWS and GOA

Project Year and Number: 1992: CH1-B

Other Fiscal Years and Numbers for this Project: 1996: 96086, 1995: 95086-C, 1994: 94086, 1993: 93039, 1992: CH1-A, 1991: CH1-B, 1991: CH1-A, 1990: CH1, 1989: CH1

Principal Investigator (PI): Malin Babcock, NOAA

Assisting Personnel: Jeff Short

Research Location: Prince William Sound & Gulf of Alaska

Restoration Category: Damage Assessment

Injured Resources Addressed: Intertidal Organisms , Mussels , Sediments

Abstract: On March 26, 1989, sampling began at 10 historically established intertidal hydrocarbon baseline sites in Prince William Sound in response to the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Ten additional sites were established in Prince William Sound and on the Kenai Peninsula along the spill trajectory before oiling. These sites were also sampled after oiling to measure the change in hydrocarbon levels in sediments and mussels resulting from the spill.

This project has documented that levels of hydrocarbons in sediments and mussels in intertidal areas in Prince William Sound in 1989 before the Exxon Valdez oil spill were similar to concentrations measured by an earlier NOAA/NMFS project (1977-1980) which established a hydrocarbon baseline for sediments and mussels for the same general geographical area.

Subsequent sampling in 1989 and 1990 indicates some sites were impacted by crude oil. Preliminary sediment analyses at 3 sites showed impact by Exxon Valdez oil with different patterns of changes in petroleum hydrocarbon (PHC) concentrations over time. Mussels from one site had extremely high concentrations of PHCs in 1990 samples while mussels from 4 other sites showed intermediate PHC levels in 1989. There were no detectable aromatic hydrocarbons in mussel samples from 1977-1980. The limited data (from only 25 samples of >300 samples) currently available from 1989-91 samples precludes reliable interpretation at this time.


Keywords

Geographic Regions Prince William Sound
Fields of Expertise Contaminants/Toxicology
Technological Methods Tissue sampling/biopsy

Proposal: View PDF (18 KB)

Funding Recommendations: View

Funding Detail For: 1992

Quarterly Project Tasks For: 1992

Annual Report: 1992: Not Applicable

Final Report: View

Publications from this Project: None Available

More information may be available for this project under other years:

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Project Number Proposal Annual Reports Final Report Data
1996: 96086 Not Available 1996: Not Available
Not Available - For Current Status Please Contact Us No datasets
1995: 95086-C Not Available 1995: Not Available
See Project 96086 See Project 96086
1994: 94086 Not Available 1994: View (PDF)
See Project 96086 See Project 96086
1993: 93039 Not Available 1993: Not Applicable
See Project 96086 See Project 96086
1992: CH1-A View (PDF) 1992: Not Applicable
View No datasets
1991: CH1-B Not Available 1991: Not Applicable
See Project CH1-B See Project CH1-B
1991: CH1-A Not Available 1991: Not Applicable
See Project CH1-A See Project CH1-A
1990: CH1 Not Available 1990: Not Applicable
Not Available - For Current Status Please Contact Us See Project CH1
1989: CH1 Not Available 1989: Not Applicable
View No datasets