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Project Information

Title: Assessment of Injury to Sea Ducks from Hydrocarbon Uptake in PWS and the Kodiak Archipelago following EVOS

Project Year and Number: 1989: B11

Other Fiscal Years and Numbers for this Project: 1994: 94066, 1993: 93033, 1992: B11, 1991: B11, 1990: B11

Principal Investigator (PI): Samuel Patten, Alaska Department of Fish & Game

Assisting Personnel: Thomas Crowe, Richard Gustin, Charles Hastings, Robert Hunter, Paul Twait

Research Location: Prince William Sound

Restoration Category: Damage Assessment

Injured Resources Addressed: Barrow's Goldeneye , Harlequin Ducks

Abstract: Prince William Sound is the wintering area for over 125,000 sea ducks, primarily Barrow's goldeneyes, three species of scoters, harlequins, and oldsquaws. More than 160,000 sea ducks, consisting mainly of these same species, winter in the nearshore waters of Kodiak and neighboring islands. In the spring, the Sound is a major migration area for sea ducks. In the summer in both areas, the numbers of some species are low, while remaining high to moderate for others. Sea ducks are heavily dependent on intertidal and subtidal marine invertebrates. Oldsquaws take a wide variety of foods and use invertebrates in the water column as well as bottom-dwelling animals. Scoters and goldeneyes utilize blue mussels and, like harlequins, consume a wide variety of clams, snails, and limpets. Bivalves, particularly blue mussels, are well-known for their ability to concentrate pollutants at high levels. The crude oil spilled from the Exxon Valdez may cause severe damage to marine invertebrates that support sea ducks year round, and bioaccumulation of pollutants in this food chain may result in uptake of hydrocarbons by sea ducks over a long period of time. Through integration with other studies, this study will determine the levels of hydrocarbons taken in by sea ducks, and will predict resultant physiological and life-history effects.


Geographic Regions Kodiak Island
Prince William Sound
Species Seabirds - Sea ducks
Fields of Expertise Biochemistry
Technological Methods Tissue sampling/biopsy

Proposal: View PDF (18 KB)

Funding Recommendations: View

Funding Detail For: 1989

Quarterly Project Tasks For: 1989

Annual Report: 1989: Not Available - Contact ARLIS for Report

Final Report: See Project 1320

Publications from this Project: None Available

More information may be available for this project under other years:

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Project Number Proposal Annual Reports Final Report Data
1994: 94066 Not Available 1994: Not Available
See Project 93033 See Project 93033
1993: 93033 Not Available 1993: Not Applicable
View No datasets
1992: B11 Not Available 1992: Not Applicable
View No datasets
1991: B11 Not Available 1991: Not Applicable
See Project B11 See Project B11
1990: B11 Not Available 1990: Not Applicable
See Project B11 See Project B11