Most large parcels acquired by the Trustee Council were owned by Native corporations. The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971 provided for Native villages to select 44 million acres of public lands in Alaska and set up corporations to manage those lands and provide economic benefits for their Native shareholders. Lands were selected for proximity to villages, historical uses, and future development opportunities. Large blocks of land were selected, including some of the finest timber tracts, most productive estuaries and bays, and valuable salmon streams. These lands provide critical habitat for many of the fish and wildlife resources injured by the 1989 oil spill.
Negotiations with landowners have resulted in creative habitat protection measures, including fee-simple purchases, conservation easements, timber easements, and retention of shareholder home sites. The Trustee Council works only with willing sellers to craft protection packages that provide the highest benefit for the resources, Native shareholders, and the public. Most agreements allow public access for camping, hunting and fishing, restrict development, and maintain subsistence uses, while protecting injured resources and providing economic benefits to Native corporations. To date, the habitat protection agreements have been strongly supported by Native shareholders. In most cases, shareholders were required to approve the agreements by a two-thirds vote or better. Shareholder approval has ranged from 81 to 88 percent.
The Trustee Council's large parcel program is essentially complete. Following are highlights, a table listing the parcels protected, and a map showing these parcels' locations. Both the table and the map are linked to more detailed information on each large parcel.
|Afognak Joint Venture||41,376||73,966,348||73,966,348|
|Eyak / Orca Narrows||78,138||48,576,704||48,576,704|
|Kachemak Bay State Park||23,701||22,000,000||7,500,000|
|Seal Bay/Tonki Cape||41,549||39,549,333||39,549,333|