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Status of Restoration

Lingering Oil: Continued

References Cited

Ballachey BE, Monson DH, Esslinger GG, Kloecker K, Bodkin JL, Bowen L, and Miles AK. 2014. 2013 update on sea otter studies to assess recovery from the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill, Prince William Sound, Alaska. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2014-1030:40.

Carls, M and Fugate C. 2016. 25 year retention of PAHs and alkanes in sediment oiled by the Exxon Valdez. Report to the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Juneau, AK.

Esler D, Bowen L, Miles AK, Ballachey BE, and Bodkin JL 2015. Gulf watch Alaska long-term monitoring program - evaluating chronic exposure of harlequin ducks and sea otters to lingering Exxon Valdez oil in Western Prince William Sound. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Restoration Project Final Report (Restoration Project 12120114-Q), Pacific Wildlife Foundation and Centre for Wildlife Ecology, Simon Fraser University, Delta, British Columbia, Canada. U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center, Anchorage, AK.

Fall, J. A. and G. Zimpelman, editors. 2016. Update on the Status of Subsistence Uses in Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Area Communities, 2014. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Restoration Project Final Report (Restoration Project 15150112), Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Division of Subsistence, Technical Paper No. 412, Anchorage, Alaska.

Fall, J.A., editor. 2006. Update of the status of subsistence uses in Exxon Valdez oil spill area communities. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Restoration Project Final Report (Restoration Project 040471), Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Division of Subsistence, Anchorage, Alaska.

Irvine GV, Mann DH, Carls M, Holland L, Reddy C, and Aeppli C. 2014. Lingering oil on boulder- armored beaches in the Gulf of Alaska 23 years after the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Restoration Project Final Report (Restoration Project 11100112), U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center, Anchorage, Alaska.

Li HL, and Boufadel MC. 2010. Long-term persistence of oil from the Exxon Valdez spill in two- layer beaches. Nature Geoscience 3(2):96-99.

Michel J, Nixon Z, Hayes MO, Short J, Irvine G, Betenbaugh D, Boring C, and Mann D. 2010. Distribution of subsurface oil from the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Restoration Project Final Report (Project 070801), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Juneau, AK, 121pp.

Nixon Z, Michel J, Hayes MO, Irvine GV, and Short J. 2013. Geomorphic factors related to the persistence of subsurface oil from the Exxon Valdez oil spill. In: Kana T, Michel J, and Voulgaris G (eds.). Proceedings, Symposium in Applied Coastal Geomorphology to Honor Miles O. Hayes, Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 69, 115-127.

Short JW, Lindeberg MR, Harris PM, Maselko JM, Pella JJ, and Rice SD. 2004. Estimate of oil persisting on the beaches of Prince William Sound 12 years after the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Environmental Science & Technology 38(1):19-25.

Short JW, Maselko JM, Lindeberg MR, Harris PM, and Rice SD. 2006. Vertical distribution and probability of encountering intertidal Exxon Valdez oil on shorelines of three embayments within Prince William Sound, Alaska. Environmental Science & Technology 40(12):3723-3729.

Short JW, Irvine GV, Mann DH, Maselko JM, Pella JJ, Lindeberg MR, Payne JR, Driskell WB, and Rice SD. 2007. Slightly weathered Exxon Valdez oil persists in Gulf of Alaska beach sediments after 16 years. Environmental Science & Technology 41(4):1245-1250.

Venosa AD, Campo P, and Suidan MT. 2010. Biodegradability of lingering crude oil 19 years after the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Environmental Science & Technology, 44(19):7613-7621.

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